"The highest wisdom has but one science─the science of the whole─the science explaining the whole creation and man's place in it."

 ~ Leo Tolstoy



The research you will find on this site combines science with open-mindedness, allowing mythological truth and the sacred language of prehistoric societies written in code to emerge. The analysis and appropriate classification of prehistoric sacred art in different contexts requires a multidisciplinary approach involving the study of earliest mathematical systems, proto-alphabets, indigenous cosmological and mystical traditions, religious history, and ethnographic, archaeological, as well as linguistic evidence. 

Since the appearance of Early Archaic societies, the human inclination to paint or engrave a surface with pictographs or ideograms represents a form of artistic and non-verbal communication to express ideas or concepts, to exchange information, to keep records, and to tell stories within a culture. 

Archaeo-mythological research related to the social structure, settlement patterns, burial evidence, ceremonial life, and symbolic imagery of the earliest hunter-gatherers and farming societies has shown that people of the past perceived the universe, surrounding natural environment, and human life as parts of an inseparable whole driven by mystical forces. This vision of 'oneness' deeply influenced their lifestyle, merging the sacred with the profane in social thinking and behavior, art and ceremonies. They seem to have assumed that their myths were true, efficient explanations and organizations of the universe, as we believe our scientific explanations to be. Unlike modern man, the people of Early Archaic societies shared a common worldview: a trusted awareness that consciousness permeates all of nature, all of biological life, and even "lifeless" objects such as stones, to one degree or another. 

Many of us are aware of ancient myths and their accompanying sacred symbolism, though they play a marginal role in the perceptive consensus of the world we live in today. When we study history, when we consciously and rationally try to understand our past, to understand a sacred symbolism inherited from our ancestors, many of us tend to discount the significance of these myths. As a result, some scholars still struggle to understand how apparently non-literate societies stored and transmitted information. They have lost track of how to decode the information contained in ancient rock art, indigenous body paintings, scarification, tattoos, and sacred artifacts such as ritual masks, etc. 

As Industrialized humans, we contrast myth and reality. We think the first is subjective, unreal, incomprehensible, a lie; the second objective, real, comprehensible, the truth. Such an attitude toward myth could lead us to ignore or deny solid evidence hidden in plain sight; preventing us from understanding the sacred in symbols such as the equal-armed cross, circled cross and Swastika, shared by different cultures and indigenous peoples throughout the ancient world. The evidence presented in the research papers, bridges the seeming gaps between indigenous and modern perceptions. It is time for a revised sense of reality, one that encompasses our common heritage, and includes the symbols of earliest human societies with their multidimensional meanings of past codes. 

The profound knowledge of these societies has been cut-off from the global information flow by those who control the decision of who gets heard and who does not. For centuries indigenous people on all continents have been treated as silent partners of the West, to be seen but never heard. Acknowledging their ageless contribution to ancient and classical civilizations will reinstate a unified ground of understanding. 

The significance of the 'obvious' and its subsequent classification of archaic representations can be captured through associative perception, critical thinking, leading to logical conclusions. 

Nenad M. Djurdjevic

 The craddle of human culture and civilization

African Codes

Approximately 70,000 years ago, our common ancestors migrated out of Africa, carrying universal symbols that are still recognized, but their meanings often baffling. Early groups from this cradle of culture and civilization may have been the Khoisan and Pygmies who reached Europe, India, and Australia with the cross and swastika. Their archaic lifestyle has not changed much to this day, though increasingly endangered. Current decoding of archaic symbols that include the circumpunct, circled cross, X, and many others help us to connect with our origins and ground our experiences. 

Rock Art of Valle Camonica

 Mother Earth symbolism, Foppe di Nadro, Valle Camonica, Italy

Mother Earth symbolism, Foppe di Nadro, Valle Camonica, Italy

The Valle Camonica, situated in the Central Eastern Alps of northern Italy, is renowned worldwide for its rock art spanning more than twelve thousand years of human history. Nominated in 1979 by UNESCO for World Heritage status, evidence of human presence in the valley dates as far back as 13,000 years, a chronological range from the Upper Paleolithic until the Iron Age (1st millenium BCE). Evidence is found in the form of settlements, burial sites and ceremonial areas. Present on outcropping rock surfaces, steles, and erratic boulders are an infinite number of rock engravings relating to daily life, sacred arts, and the spiritual world. These represent a remarkable resource of great iconographic interest and for the study of the earliest writing systems.

 Brotlaibidol with 'enigmatic' signs

Brotlaibidol with 'enigmatic' signs


Brotlaibidols, literally "loaf of bread idols", is a term to denote small baked-clay tablets usually ovoid shaped, found in numerous Italian and Mid-European settlements dating to the Bronze Age, between the third millenium BCE and the early half of the second (2200-1400 BCE). The main questions academics but also independent scholars are trying to answer are: What are they? What were they for? What's the meaning of the symbols they were engraved with? 

The intent of this research is to shed light on the purpose of these tablets, specifically to decode symbols that still represent an 'engima' for most academics.

Bosnian Stecaks

The intent of this research is to demonstrate that the architectural, artistic, and religious expressions of stecaks, literally 'standing stones', are deeply rooted in millennium-old traditions belonging to the Old European culture, and existing long before scholars attributed them only to Orthodox Christianity and the Catholicism of the Bosnian Church; the heretic Bogomil doctrines, and remnants of pagan beliefs of unknown origin. These sacred monolithic stone monuments are generally encountered in great numbers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, though unique and marvelous examples of stećaks also exist in neighbouring countries like Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia, characterized by particular architectural forms and sacred symbolism.

 Bosnian stecak (Wenzel M. 1965)

Bosnian stecak (Wenzel M. 1965)

Bosnian Stone Spheres

The first stone spheres to be publically acknowledged were found near Banja Luka, Bosnia. In 2004, a team of independent researchers found a considerable number of stone spheres in different parts of the country as well. The latest research shows that Bosnian stone spheres are made of different raw materials and discovered in different contexts. 

Bosnian Pyramids

The past ten years have seen the pages of history slowly being rewritten. Bosnia can soon lay claim to the world's oldest pyramids with light-radar (LIDAR) scans which provide a detailed topographical picture of the area scanned. A recent satellite LIDAR scan of the Visoko area shows clear evidence of gargantuan artificial structures. This should not come as a surprise, given that artifacts from the area, including giant stone balls, indicate the existence of the oldest European civilization as well.